International Relations and International Studies are the study of relationships between a country, which analyzes and articulates the “foreign policies” of specific states. It is usually measured as an offshoot of political science, which combines two or more academic fields into a single disciple which crosses traditional boundaries between academic disciplines or schools of thought, as new requirements and professions have become known. The viewpoints of international relations have been deliberated for many thousands of years, since the time of Thucydides, who is known as the founder or father of scientific history and political realism which studies relations between nations based on “might” rather than “right”. He was a Greek historian who wrote in the 5th century BC about International Relations and studies between Sparta and Athens. International relations encompass such diverse topics as economics, history, international law, philosophy, geography, social work, sociology, anthropology, psychology, women’s studies/gender studies, and cultural studies or cult urology. It involves a diverse range of issues including but not limited to: globalization, state sovereignty, international security, ecological sustainability, nuclear proliferation, nationalism, economic development, global finance, terrorism, organized crime, human security, foreign interventionism and human rights. Moderate , tolerant and freethinking states, which are based on individual rights as such as egalitarianism before the law, free speech and other civil liberties, private property, and elected representation are fundamentally against war. It is also said that governments must respect and allow individual liberties, practice moderation and be nonviolent and employ diplomatic means and channels in their foreign policy.
This reflects the dissimilarity between words and action when the president announced a “crusade for freedom” and a “campaign for democratic development” in accordance with International relations and studies President Reagan made the same arguments that dictatorial ruling regimes make for war. When citizens are responsible for electing their government, and the government is answerable to the citizens with a system of checks and balances in place, then war can invariably be avoided. When countries are not in conflict, they enjoy the benefits or free trade, which ensures prosperity for businesses, for the country and for the individual. So in effect peace and democracy can be termed as the two sides of the same coin as per International relations and studies Although there is no perfect description of Liberal Pacifism, it is a much touted phrase, and covers a large area of viewpoints, specifically that international disputes can and should be resolved in an amicable and peaceful manner.